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Foncebadón is a Spanish village in the municipality of Santa Colomba de Somoza, in the province of León.The village, situated on a popular pilgrimage route called the Way of St. James, flourished during the Middle Ages, offering shelter and hospitality to the pilgrims that passed through on their way to Santiago de Compostela. According to local tradition, the village was granted a tax exemption in return for planting 800 stakes in the ground to mark the path. In the 10th century, Ramiro II of León convened a religious council in the village, and in the 11th or 12th century, the hermit Guacelmo established a hospital and a church.Events such as the 16th-century Protestant Reformation and the early 19th-century Napoleonic Wars, along with the construction of new roads and railways, led to a decline in the number of pilgrims passing through the village. In the 1960s and 70s, many of Foncebadón's residents migrated to nearby cities in search of employment; by the 1990s, there were only two people, a mother and son, living among the ruins of the once-thriving settlement.In recent years, however, the Way of St. James has begun to attract thousands of modern-day pilgrims, and the new influx of travellers has inspired entrepreneurs to purchase and renovate some of the most emblematic buildings, such as the church and the hostel.

Cruz de Ferro
La Cruz de Ferro is a huge iron cross on the Camino de Santiago and is located between the towns of Foncebadón and Manjarín on Section 6 of the French Way.
It consists of a wooden pole about five feet high surmounted by an iron cross, a replica of the original preserved in the Museo de los Caminos in Astorga. At its base there has been a mound forming over the years. A legend says that when the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela was being built, pilgrims were asked to contribute by bringing a stone. The tradition is to throw a stone here, brought from the place of origin of the pilgrim, symbolizing what the pilgrim want to leave behind and get ready for rebirth on the last part of the Camino.There are several theories as to the origin of the cross: It may have been erected to mark the road when it snows, as it becomes frequently hidden from view; Others believe thers it is just a pile of stones called Montes de Mercurio, erected since Celtic times to mark the strategic locations of the roads and then Christianized with crosses. In this case, the cross was placed there in the early eleventh century by Gaucelmo, abbot of the lodgings at Foncebadón and Manjarín. Later Galician crop reapers would be on this path on the way to the farmlands of Castile and León, where they went to work. Those who continued the tradition by placing a stone along path, then called it Cruz de Ferro.

In 1982 a chapel dedicated to St. James was built by the Cross, and for some years the Centro Gallego de Ponferrada celebrates the feast of Santiago with a pilgrimage to the place that brings together hundreds of people and attracts different personalities.
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Categories & Keywords
Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory Detail:Spain
Keywords:Dünya Mirası, El Camino, El Camino de Santiago, Espagna, MAAILMANPERINTÖ, Pasaules mantojuma, Pasaulio paveldo, Patrimoine Mondial, Patrimonio Mondiale, Patrimonio de la Humanidad, Património Mundial, Route of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Spanien, Spanje, Unesco, Way of St James, Welterbe, Werelderfgoed, Wirt Dinji, afbeelding, foto, foto's, jpg, photo, photos, picture, pictures, världsarv, Światowe Dziedzictwo, التراث, العالمي, مواقع