Palmanova (Friulian: Palme) is a town and comune in northeast Italy. The town is an example of a star fort of the late Renaissance, built up by the Venetian Republic in 1593. Using all the latest military innovations of the 16th century, this small town was a fortress in the shape of a nine-pointed star, designed by Vincenzo Scamozzi. Between the points of the star, ramparts protruded so that the points could defend each other. A moat surrounded the town, and three large, guarded gates allowed entry.Palmanova was built following the ideals of a utopia. It is a concentric city with the form of a star, with three nine-sided ring roads intersecting in the main military radiating streets. It was built at the end of the 16th century by the Venetian Republic which was, at the time, a major center of trade. It is actually considered to be a fort, or citadel, because the military architect Giulio Savorgnan designed it to be a Venetian military station on the eastern frontier as protection from the Ottoman Empire.
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Categories & Keywords
Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory Detail:Italy
Keywords:Acquedotto, Aqueduct, Aquileia, Bastion, Chiesa, Defence, Defence, Garzoni, Grande, Italia, Italien, Italy, Napoleonica, Palmanova, Piazza, Polveriera, Porta, Porta, Redentore, Santissimo, Serenissima, Stato, Terra, Udine, Unesco, Utopia, Venetian, Venetian, Veneziano, Works, aquaduct, bastioni, city, cividale, da, del, fortress, gate, gate, italië, kruitmagazijn, museum, of, porta, powder, storage, venetian, weltcultererbe