Created 29-Apr-14
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Rocamadour is a commune in the Lot department in south-western France.Rocamadour has attracted visitors for its setting in a gorge above a tributary of the River Dordogne, and especially for its historical monuments and its sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which for centuries has attracted pilgrims from every country, among them kings, bishops, and nobles.The town below the complex of monastic buildings and pilgrimage churches, traditionally dependent on the pilgrimage site.Rocamadour was a dependency of the abbey of Tulle to the north in the Bas Limousin. The buildings of Rocamadour (from ròca, cliff, and sant Amador) rise in stages up the side of a cliff on the right bank of the Alzou, which here runs between rocky walls 120 metres (390 ft) in height. Flights of steps ascend from the lower town to the churches, a group of massive buildings half-way up the cliff. The chief of them is the pilgrimage church of Notre Dame (rebuilt in its present configuration from 1479), containing the cult image at the center of the site's draw, a wooden Black Madonna reputed to have been carved by Saint Amator (Amadour) himself. The smallBenedictine community continued to reserve to itself the use of the small twelfth-century church of Saint-Michel, above and to the side. Below, the pilgrimage church opens onto a terrace where pilgrims could assemble, called the Plateau of St Michel, where there is a broken sword said to be a fragment of Durandal, once wielded by the hero Roland. The interior walls of the church of St Sauveur are covered, with paintings and inscriptions recalling the pilgrimages of celebrated persons. The subterranean church of St Amadour (1166) extends beneath St Sauveur and contains relics of the saint. On the summit of the cliff stands the château built in the Middle Ages to defend the sanctuaries.
Rocamadour is classed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO as part of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France.
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Categories & Keywords
Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory:Europe
Subcategory Detail:France
Keywords:Basilique Saint Sauveur, Crypte Saint Amadour, Dünya Mirası, France, Frankreich, Frankrijk, MAAILMANPERINTÖ, Pasaules mantojuma, Pasaulio paveldo, Patrimoine Mondial, Patrimonio Mondiale, Patrimonio de la Humanidad, Património Mundial, Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France, Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Unesco, Via Podiensis, Way of St James, Welterbe, Werelderfgoed, Wirt Dinji, afbeelding, foto, foto's, jpg, pelgrim, pelgrimage, peregrino, photo, photos, picture, pictures, rocamadour, världsarv, Światowe Dziedzictwo, التراث, العالمي, مواقع