Created 15-Mar-13
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Karlskrona naval base is the largest naval base of the Swedish Navy. Located in Blekinge in southern Sweden, the base has close ties with the city of Karlskrona. It has an exceptionally well-sheltered location: arcs of islands provide a strong defense not only from the sea but also from land attacks. Two of Sweden's three naval warfare flotillas are based there. It contains the Marinmuseum and the Ropewalk (Repslagarbanan), the longest wooden building in the country. After Sweden and Denmark ceased hostilities after the Scanian War (1675–1679), King Charles XI of Sweden made a reconnaissance trip in the eastern part of the Blekinge archipelago. The king decreed the construction of a city named "Carlscroona" on the island of Trossön. The major reason for its establishment was to provide the Swedish Navy with a permanent base closer to Denmark, which throughout the 17'th century had been the foremost enemy of Sweden. In addition, a shipyard was needed for both construction and repair of ships, as well as for supply depots and barracks. The new base had the added advantage of being free of ice in winter, unlike the base in Stockholm which had until then been the principal base of the navy. A plan for the base was laid forth by quartermaster general Erik Dahlbergh in 1683, and construction was started two years later. The new city of Karlskrona received its city privileges in 1680.The city was founded in 1680 when the Royal Swedish Navy was relocated from the Stockholm area to the Trossö island which had up until then been used chiefly for farming and grazing. The Swedish fleet tended to get stuck in the ice during winter while located to Stockholm and was therefore moved south. The island had a very strategic position with short sailing distances to the German and Baltic provinces. The city name means Karl's Crown in honour of King Karl XI of Sweden, the name being inspired by the name of the city Landskrona.

The city grew quickly and by 1750 Karlskrona had about 10,000 inhabitants. It was then one of the biggest cities in the country. Most of the baroque buildings from this era are still standing, which is why the city centre is architecturally uniform.The shipyard in Karlskrona was established almost at the same time as the city. It was a necessity because of the heavy losses the Swedish navy had suffered in 1689. In 1711, the shipyard was Sweden's largest industrial employer with 1,100 workers. The oldest dock, the Polhem dock, is cut in the cliff itself and is still in use. It got its name from Christopher Polhem ("The Swedish DaVinci", a famous scientist with several inventions still in use).The city has kept its street structure since its foundation. Since the streets all follow a grid pattern the winds can blow freely from the sea right into the heart of the city.Parts of the city have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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Categories & Keywords
Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory:Europe
Subcategory Detail:Sweden
Keywords:Royal Admiralty Parish, Amiralitetskyrkan, Aspo, Aspö, Baroque, Blekinge, Blekinge archipelago, Carlscroona, Crown, Drottningskär, Drottningskär, Frederick's Church, Fredrikskyrkan, Karl's, Karlskrona, Kungsholm Fortress, Marinmuseum, Old Man Rosenbom, Patriomonio de la Humanidad, Repslagarbanan, Rosenbom, Round Harbor, Schweden, Sverige, Sweden, The Admiralty Church, The German Church, The Swedish DaVinci, Trefaldighetskyrkan, Trinity Church, Trossö, Trossön, Unesco, Welterbe, World Heritage, Zweden, archipelago, blekinge, citadel, citadel, dock, drottningskar, fort, fortress, kastell, king's island, kungsholm, marine, naval, naval base, naval port of Karlskrona, navy, polhem, polhem dock, ropewalk, shipyard, werelderfgoed