Hagia Sophia is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica (church), later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was then secularized and opened as a museum on 1 February 1935. Sophia is one of the greatest surviving examples of Byzantine architecture.Its interior is decorated with mosaics and marble pillars and coverings of great artistic value. The temple itself was so richly and artistically decorated that Justinian proclaimed, "Solomon, I have outdone thee!" (Νενίκηκά σε Σολομών). Justinian himself had overseen the completion of the greatest cathedral ever built up to that time.
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Categories & Keywords
Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory:Middle East
Subcategory Detail:Turkey
Keywords:Ayasofya, Constantinopel, Constantinople, Dan Brown, Hagia Sofia, Hagia Sophia, Historic Areas of Istanbul, Holy Wisdom, Inferno, Istanboel, Istanbul, Patriomonio de la Humanidad, Robert Langdon, Sancta Sapientia, Sancta Sophia, Turkey, Turkije, Turquie, Türkei, Türkiye, Unesco, Welterbe, World Heritage, cathedral, church, dünya mirası, marble pillars, mosaics, mosque, museum, orthodox, patriarchaat, patriarchate, patrimoine mondial, werelderfgoed, Ἁγία Σοφία